Korkeakaarinen jalka | Fysioterapia-konsultit FTK Oy Helsinki

Korkeakaarinen jalka - Pes Cavus

Korkeakaarinen jalka - Pes Cavus

Author/Association:

Burns J, Crosbie J, Ouvrier R, Hunt A

Title:

Effective orthotic therapy for the painful cavus foot: a randomized controlled trial

Source:

Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association 2006 May-Jun;96(3):205-211

Method:

clinical trial

Method Score:

9/10 [Eligibility criteria: Yes; Random allocation: Yes; Concealed allocation: Yes; Baseline comparability: Yes; Blind subjects: Yes; Blind therapists: No; Blind assessors: Yes; Adequate follow-up: Yes; Intention-to-treat analysis: Yes; Between-group comparisons: Yes; Point estimates and variability: Yes. Note: Eligibility criteria item does not contribute to total score] *This score has been confirmed*

Abstract:

Patients with a cavus or high-arched foot frequently experience foot pain, which can lead to significant limitation in function. Custom foot orthoses are widely prescribed to treat cavus foot pain. However, no clear guidelines for their construction exist, and there is limited evidence of their efficacy. In a randomized, single-blind, sham-controlled trial, the effect of Custom foot orthoses on foot pain, function, quality of life, and plantar pressure loading in people with a cavus foot type was investigated. One hundred fifty-four participants with chronic musculoskeletal foot pain and bilateral cavus feet were randomly assigned to a treatment group receiving custom foot orthoses (n = 75) or to a control group receiving simple sham insoles (n = 79). At 3 months, 99% of the participants provided follow-up data using the Foot Health Status Questionnaire. Foot pain scores improved more with custom foot orthoses than with the control (difference 8.3 points; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.2 to 15.3 points; p = 0.022). Function scores also improved more with custom foot orthoses than with the control (difference 9.5 points; 95% CI 2.9 to 16.1 points; p = 0.005). Quality-of-life data favored custom foot orthoses, although differences reached statistical significance only for physical functioning (difference 7.0 points; 95% CI 1.9 to 12.1 points; p = 0.008). Plantar pressure improved considerably more with custom foot orthoses than with the control for all regions of the foot (difference -3.0 Ns/cm2; 95% CI -3.7 to -2.4 Ns/cm2; p < 0.001). In conclusion, custom foot orthoses are more effective than a control for the treatment of cavus foot pain and its associated limitation in function.

Full text may be available via PubMed at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query/static/citmatch.html